Numerous factors affect mental health. We can roughly divide them into two groups of factors: external factors would be the environment, that is, the environment, living conditions, traumatic experiences such as loss and abuse, as well as substance abuse, while internal factors would include biological and genetic prepositions, and so on. The negative personality traits, or the vulnerability of the person. Each of these factors leads to the development of a mental disorder. In some cases, an isolated factor, such as loss or abuse, can be a trigger for a mental disorder, but most disorders are the result of the accumulation of experiences that have consistently endangered the psychological well-being of a person. In the time in which we live, we are constantly more or less exposed to factors that affect our mental health. As mental health is not just the absence of psychological disorders, the prevention of mental health in addition to regular visits to a psychologist also implies the strengthening of individual personality capacities, and the elimination of negative factors from the environment, it implies interdisciplinary work and cooperation, and the transfer of mental health care from major institutions to general hospitals, as well as the alarming and participation of the wider community.
Stress can lead to someone feeling sad and miserable. What’s different with depression compared to the normal state is that these feelings can last not only for days but also for weeks or months.
Main symptoms of depression:
1. Depressed mood – Patients usually talk about feelings of sorrow and emptiness. High irritability occurs in children and adolescents.
2. Loss of interest and satisfaction – Patients have a loss of interest in all or almost all daily activities, but also they are talking about the loss of a sense of satisfaction.
3. Changes in body weight – There may be a loss or an increase in body weight, most often around 5% in a month. In children and adolescents, the weight of the strands is in the weight that deviates from the expected one.
4. Sleep disorder – Insomnia or prolonged sleep occurs, which is also a symptom of depression.
5. Psychomotor agitation or retardation – Remarkable psychomotor slowing or anxiety.
6. Feeling tired – Patients complain that they are constantly tired and have lost energy.
7. Feelings of lesser value and guilt – The patient feels responsible for things that are not under his control.
8. Decreased concentration – The depressed person has difficulty concentrating, thinking and evaluating.
9. Thinking about death – The ninth symptom of depression is often thought of death, exceptional suicide with or without plans to do it.